As ESL teachers, we’re all familiar with the term ‘adverbs of manner’ and its standard textbook definition, but what are we to make of utterances like ‘Think big’, ‘Stand firm’, ‘Live green’, ‘Aim high’, etc.? And should we say ‘She arrived at the hotel safe’ or ‘She arrived at the hotel safely’? Is ‘right’ in ‘He did it right’ an adverb of manner or not? Is the slogan ‘Live happy’ in Citiplaza, a huge shopping mall, acceptable?
Today, I taught a Secondary One lesson titled ‘Adverbs of manner, and beyond’, using a language awareness approach. I tried a BLIND Kahoot to guide Ss to understand the subtleties of sentences like the ones above.
It was my first attempt to use a Blind Kahoot for that purpose, and although the lesson didn’t play out as effectively as I had hoped, it was a useful learning experience to me, and it pointed to a few issues that I have to consider more carefully if I am to try something similar again in the future. Thanks to Miss Ani Chan for giving me the opportunity to try out the lesson with her students.
Anyway, I finished the lesson by showing the picture below to the students, and asked them what word was behind the guy, and the status of that word in the utterance.
So, with secondary-school students, let’s go beyond telling them that “An adverb of manner is an adverb (such as quickly or slowly) that describes how and in what way the action of a verb is carried out.”